Firstly ,the question we have A processor has 24 registers*, uses 8-bit immediate*, and has 36 different instructions* (corresponding to 36 operation codes**) in its instruction set.These 36 instructions are classified into 4 types as listed below
i just going to give out type c)
Type-C: takes 1 source register, 1 immediate, uses 1 destination register;
i know how to do this but the problem here is i don't know how many bit do 24 registers and 36 opcode require
(? = unknown)
i know the answer will be ?opcode+ ?registers + 8bits immediates + ?registers = bits
But i'd like to know how do i calculate the bits require
Secondly, there's question asking me how much the pipeline speedup ratio:
Assume a pipelined processor operates in four states: instruction fetch (IF), operand fetch (OF), operand execute (OE), and operand store (OS). A timing diagram of pipeline could be drawn as follows:
we have the following code with the data dependency.
ADD R1,R3,R2 [R1] ← [R3]+[R2]
SUB R4,R1,R5 [R4] ← [R1]-[R5]
MUL R6,R7,R8 [R6] ← [R7]*[R8]
This is the table :
Cycle 0 cycle 1 cycle 2 cycle 3 cycle 4 cycle 5 cycle 6 ......
ADD R1,R2,R3 IF OF OE OS
R1,R3,R2 IF OF OE OS
R4,R1,R5 IF OF OE OS
R6,R7,R8 IF OF OE OS
And this is all the information i get , but i don't know how many instruction in here also i don't know the Clock speed, how can i bring out the speed up ratio?
Many thanks for reply or view
my lecturer never reply my e-mail sigh...