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    Debian GNU/Linux installation help (Warning: Long post)


    Every time I try installing Debian GNU/Linux, I mess something up because I really don't know what I'm doing. So I was wondering if any experts out there could help me out. I am wanting to install Debian GNU/Linux as a workstation (desktop, internet, etc). I burned a CD that contains debian-30r1-i386-binary-1.iso. I got it from here [http://mirrors.kernel.org/debian-cd/i386/]

    My system information:

    Monitor: Gateway2000, Vivitron (Model: CPD-GF200)

    Mouse: Compaq, Microsoft IntelliMouse (1.1A PS/2 Compatible)

    Speakers: Gateway2000 (ACS41)

    Keyboard: Gateway2000 (2196003-XX-XXX)

    Tower: Antec, Performance II Series, SXG35B II, Black Mini Tower Case

    Hard Drive: Quantum Fireball II, 3.5 series

    Motherboard: Abit KD7A

    Processor: AMD Athlon XP 2000+/266 TBRED XP RTL

    RAM: Kingston 512MB 266MHz DDR PC2100 DIMM CL2.5

    PCMCIA: ORiNOCO PCI Adapter

    Wireless card: ORiNOCO PCI Silver Card

    .................................................................................................... ........................

    Welcome to Debian GNU/Linux 3.0!

    This is a Debian CD-ROM. Keep it available once you have installed your system, as you can boot from it to repair the system on your hard disk if that ever becomes necessary (press <F3> for details).

    For a "safe" installation with kernel 2.2.20, you can press <ENTER> to begin. If you want additional features like modern hardware support, specify a different boot flavor at the boot prompt (press <F3> to get an overview). If you run into trouble or if you already have questions, press <F1> for quick installation help.

    WARNING: You should completely back up all of your hard disks before proceeding. The installation procedure can completely and irreversibly erase them! If you haven't made backups yet, remove the CD-ROM from the drive and press <RESET> or <Control-Alt-Del> to get back to your old system.

    Debian GNU/Linux comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by applicable law. For copyright information, press <F10>.

    Press <F1> for help, or <ENTER> to boot.

    boot: _

    # I press <ENTER>

    .................................................................................................... ........................

    Choose the Language

    en - Choose this and press Enter to proceed in English.

    # I select "en" and press <ENTER>

    Choose Language Variant

    English (United States)
    English (United Kingdom)
    English (Ireland)

    # I select "English (United States)" and press <ENTER>

    .................................................................................................... ........................

    Release Notes
    Software in the Public Interest
    presents
    *** Debian GNU/Linux 3.0 ***

    This is the Debian installation system, somewhat inaccurately named 'boot-floppies', version 3.0.23.

    This installation set was built on 2002-05-15 by Adam Di Carlo <aph@debian.org>.

    Debian is created by a worldwide team of over 900 volunteers collaborating via the Internet. We have formed the non-profit organization "Software in the Public Interest" to sponsor this development. We'd like to thank the many businesses, universities, and individuals who contributed the free software upon which Debian is based. The Free Software Foundation should also be recognized for the many programs they have contributed and for their pioneering role in developing the free software concept and the GNU project.

    Please be sure to visit the Debian WWW site,
    <URL:http://www.debian.org/>.
    You will find an Installation Instruction link on the home page.

    <Continue>

    # I press <ENTER> to continue

    .................................................................................................... ........................

    Debian GNU/Linux Installation Main Menu

    You must indicate what sort of keyboard you have so that keys operate as expected. Select "Next" from the menu to configure your keyboard.

    Next: Configure the Keyboard
    Alternate: Preload essential modules form a floppy
    Alternate1: Partition a Hard Disk

    # I select "Next" and press <ENTER>

    Select a keyboard

    Please select a keyboard. If you don't find the exact right choice below, please choose something close. You'll be able to configure more keyboard choices by running 'dpkg-reconfigure console-data' once you have installed the base system.

    qwerty/us: U.S. English (QWERTY)

    # I select "qwerty/us" and press <ENTER>

    .................................................................................................... ........................

    Debian GNU/Linux Installation Main Menu

    A swap partition is strongly recommended to provide virtual memory for your system, yet none was detected. Selecting "Next" will start the partitioning program. Use that to create "Linux native" and "Linux swap" partitions on your disks. If you don't want a swap partition, select "Alternate".

    Next: Partition a Hard Disk
    Alternate: Do Without a Swa Partition

    # I select "Next" and press <ENTER>

    Select Disk Drive

    Select the drive to partition. SCSI drives are listed in disk ID number order. Only drives that were connected and operating when the system was started will show up in this display. CD-ROM drives may be mis-identified as writable disk drives by this menu.

    /dev/hdc

    # I selet "/dev/hdc" and press <ENTER> (This was the only option)

    .................................................................................................... ........................

    LILO Limitations

    Lilo, the LInux LOader, when installed in the Master Boot Record, (MBR) and the alternative 'mbr' program both have support for large disks if you have a modern (newer than early 1994-98) BIOS that supports LBA and the "Enhanced Disk Drive Support Specification". Therefore, if you are certain that your BIOS supports the int 0x13 large disk access extensions, you may partition your drive however you like.

    However, if you have an older BIOS, neither Lilo's MBR nor the alternative 'mbr' will be able to load any block of the kernel from a disk cylinder numbered higher than 1023. This is often a problem with disks larger than 528MB, coupled with an older (pre 1995-98, depending on the manufacturer) BIOS that does not support the int 0x13 large disk access extensions. If your BIOS supports LBA OR CHS Translation (aka "Large"), but does not have the large disk extensions, the MBR will be able to address anything below the translated 1024th cylinder, usually around 8GB.

    One way to solve the problem is to make a small (5-10Mb) partition at the beginning of the disk, so that the entire partition is below the 1023rd cylinder. For example, make a 5-10Mb primary partition in the low cylinder range, marked bootable, another for swap space, one for "/", and whatever other partitions you like. Before you install the operating system and modules, after you have mounted your "/" partition, initialize and mount that small partition on "/boot". This is where the OS kernel will be stored, and thus, Lilo will find that all blocks of the kernel reside below the 1024 cylinder boundary.

    Please refer to the partitioning section in the Installation Manual for slightly more detailed information and references to relevant documentation concerning the BIOS large disk access extensions.

    <Continue>

    # I press <ENTER> to continue.

    .................................................................................................... ........................

    cfdisk 2.11n

    Disk Drive: /dev/hdc
    Size: 3860398080 bytes
    Heads: 128
    Sectors per Track: 63
    Cylinders: 935

    Name: hdc1
    Flags: Boot
    Part Type: Primary
    FS Type: Win95 FAT32
    [Label]: <blank>
    Size (MB): 3856.27

    Name: <blank>
    Flags: <blank>
    Part Type: Pri/Log
    FS Type: Free Space
    [Label]: <blank>
    Size (MB): 4.13

    .................................................................................................... ........................

    That's everything. I always mess up on this part. I usually delete the Win95 FAT32 partition and make two 500MB, primary, partitions. Then I quit and try to initialize, but it doesn't. So I do without a swap partition. Please be descriptive on what I need to do. Example: Make three partitions ->

    1. Boot, 1000 MB, Primary
    2. 500 MB, Primary
    3. 500 MB, Prmary

    Thanks for reading all of this. It wasn't fun to type...
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    If you want to get rid of Windows, then delete the FAT32 partition. Then you will have 3860.4 of free space. Then make 3 partitions:
    100 mb, type 83 (your /boot partition)
    128 mb, type 82 (swap partition. probably bigger than you need, since you have 512 mb of RAM)
    3632.4 mb, type 83 (your / partition)
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    If you're new to debian and you're looking for desktop install, I suggest you just download Knoppix and go from there.

    It auto-detects all your hardware and is probably the easiest debian install anywhere.
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    Tuxie: You are my hero. That's the thing I wasn't doing every time I tried putting Debian GNU/Linux on the computer, making a Linux Swap (type 82).

    All right. I'm up to the part where you put on modules. What should I get? I want an expert to help pick out what modules I need rather than what modules I think I need.

    .................................................................................................... ........................

    Select Category

    Modules are loadable device drivers. Please go through the menus for each category and look for devices, network protocols, filesystems, etc. that you would like to have supported by your system. You should not install modules for devices that aren't installed in your system, as they will sometimes cause the system to pause for a long time while it is searching for the device. Also, drivers for devices that you don't have use memory that you could put to better use.

    Please select the category of modules.

    Exit: Finished. Return to previous menu.

    block: Disks and disk-like devices.
    net: Drivers for network interface cards and network protocols.
    fs: Drivers that allow many different filesystems to be accessed
    cdrom: Drivers for non-standard/non-ATAPI CD-ROM drives.
    misc: Drivers that don't fit in the other categories.

    <Ok> <Cancel>

    .................................................................................................... ........................

    block: Disks and disk-like devices

    nbd - Network block device support

    .................................................................................................... ........................

    net: Drivers for network interface cards and network protocols.

    3c501 - 3c501 'EtherLink' support
    3c503 - 3c503 'EtherLink II' support
    3c505 - 3c505 'EtherLink Plus' support
    3c507 - 3c507 (EtherLink 16) support
    3c509 - 3c509/3c529 (MCA)/3c579 'EtherLink III' support
    3c515 - 3c515 ISA Fast EtherLink
    3c59x - 3c590/3c900 series (592/595/597) 'Vortex/Boomerang/C<off screen>
    8139too - RealTek RTL-8139 PCI Fast Ethernet Adapter support
    82596 - MVME16x Ethernet support
    ac3200 - Ansel Communications EISA 3200 support
    ac1700 - AT1700/1720 support
    bsd_comp - PPP BSD-Compress compression
    cs89x0 - CS89x0 support (Daynaport CS and LC cards)
    de4x5 - Generic DECchip & DIGITAL EtherWORKS PCI/EISA
    depca - DEPCA, DE10x, DE200, DE201, DE202, DE422 support
    dgrs - Digi Intl. RightSwitch SE-X support
    dmfe - Davicom DM910x/DM980x support
    dummy - Dummy net driver support
    e2100 - Cabletron E21xx support
    eepro - EtherExpressPro and EtherExpress 10 (i82595) support
    eepro100 - EtherExpress Pro/100 support
    eexpress - EtherExpress 16 support
    epic100-scyld - (No description available)
    epic100 - SMC EtherPower II
    es3210 - Racal-Interlan EISA ES3210 support
    eth16i - ICL EtherTeam 16i/32 support
    ewrk3 - EtherWORKS 3 (DE203, DE204, DE205) support
    fmv18x - FMV-181/182/183/184 support
    hamachi - Packet Engines Hamachi GNIC-II support
    hp-plus - HP PCLAN+ (27247B and 27252A) support
    hp - HP PCLAN (27245 and other 27xxx series) support
    hp100 - HP 10/100VG PCLAN (ISA, EISA, PCI) support
    intel-gige - (No description available)
    lance - AMD LANCE and PCnet (AT1500 and NE2100) support
    lne390 - Mylex EISA LNE390A/LNE390B support
    myson803 - (No description available)
    natsemi - National Semiconductor D83831x series PCI Ethernet s<off screen>
    ne - NE2000/NE1000 support
    ne3210 - Novell/Eagle/Microdyne NE3210 EISA support
    ni5010 - NI5010 support
    ni52 - NI5210 support
    ni65 - NI6510 support
    ns820 - (No description available)
    pci-scan - (No description available)
    plip - PLIP (parallel port) support
    ppp - (No description available)
    ppp_deflate - Deflate compression and decompression for PPP
    rt18139 - (No description available)
    sis900 - SiS 900/7016 PCI Fast Ethernet Adapter support
    s1hc - PPP (point-to-point protocol) support
    slip - SLIP (serial line) support
    smc-ultra - SMC Ultra support
    smc-ultra32 - SMC Ultra32 EISA support
    smc9194 - SMC 9194 support
    starfire-scyld - (No description available)
    starfire - (Adaptec Starfire support)
    sundance - Sundance Alta PCI Ethernet support
    tlan - TI ThunderLAN support
    tulip - (No description available)
    via-rhine - VIA Rhine support
    wd - WD80*3 support
    winbond-840 - Winbond 89c840 PCI Ethernet support
    yellowfin - Packet Engines Yellowf in Gigabit-NIC / Symbios 53c88<off screen>

    .................................................................................................... ........................

    fs: Drivers that allow many different filesystems to be accessed

    binfmt_aout - Kernel support for a.out binaries
    minix - (No description available)
    nls_cp437 - Codepage 437 (United States, Canada)
    nls_cp737 - Codepage 737 (Greek)
    nls_cp775 - Codepage 775 (Baltic Rim)
    nls_cp850 - Codepage 850 (Europe)
    nls_cp852 - Codepage 852 (Central/Eastern Europe)
    nls_cp855 - Codepage 855 (Cyrillic)
    nls_cp857 - Codepage 857 (Turkish)
    nls_cp860 - Codepage 860 (Portuguese)
    nls_cp861 - Codepage 861 (Icelandic)
    nls_cp862 - Codepage 862 (Hebrew)
    nls_cp863 - Codepage 863 (Canadian French)
    nls_cp864 - Codepage 864 (Arabic)
    nls_cp865 - Codepage 865 (Norwegian, Danish)
    nls_cp866 - Codepage 866 (Cyrillic/Russian)
    nls_cp869 - Codepage 869 (Greek)
    nls_cp874 - Thai charset (CP874, TIS-620)
    nls_iso8859-1 - NLS ISO 8859-1 (Latin 1; Western European Languages)
    nls_iso8859-14 - NLS ISO 8859-14 (Latin 8; Celtic)
    nls_iso8859-15 - NLS ISO 8859-15 (Latin 9; Western European languages<off screen>
    nls_iso8859-2 - NLS ISO 8859-2 (Latin 2; Slvaic/Central European Lan<off screen>
    nls_iso8859-3 - NLS ISO 8859-3 (Latin 3; Esperanto, Galician, Matles<off screen>
    nls_iso8859-4 - NLS ISO 8850-4 (Latin 4; old Baltic charset)
    nls_iso8859-5 - NLS ISO 8859-5 (Cyrillic)
    nls_iso8859-6 - NLS ISO 8859-6 (Arabic)
    nls_iso8859-7 - NLS ISO 8859-7 (Modern Greek)
    nls_iso8859-8 - Hewbrew charsets (ISO-8859-8, CP1255)
    nls_iso8859-9 - NLS ISO 8859-9 (Latin 5; Turkish)
    nls_koi8-r - NLS KOI8-R (Russian)
    nls_koi8-ru - NLS KOI8-U/RU (Ukrainian, Belarusian)
    ntfs - (No description available)

    .................................................................................................... ........................

    cdrom: Drivers for non-standard/non-ATAPI CD-ROM drives.

    aztcd - Aztech/Orchid/Okano/Wearnes/TXC/CyDROM CD-ROM support
    cdu31a - Sony CDU31A/CDU33A CD-ROM support
    cm206 - Philips/LMS CM206 CD-ROM support
    gscd - Goldstar R420 CD-ROM support
    isp16 - ISP16/MAD16/Mozart soft configurable cdrom interface supp<off screen>
    mcd - Standard Mitsumi [no XA/Multisession] CD-ROM support
    mcdx - Mitsumi [XA/MultiSession] CD-ROM support
    optcd - Optics Storage DOLPHIN 8000AT CD-ROM support
    sbpcd - Matsu****a/Panasonic/Creative, Longshine, TEAC CD-ROM sup<off screen>
    sjcd - Sanyo CDR-H94A CD-ROM support
    sonycd535 - Sony CDU535 CD-ROM support

    .................................................................................................... ........................

    misc: Drivers that don't fit in the other categories.

    af_packet + Packet socket
    busmouse - Bus Mouse Support
    1p - Parallel printer support
    msbusmouse - Microsoft busmouse support
    netlink_dev - Netlink device emulation
    parport - Parallel-port support
    parport_pc - PC-style hardware
    qpmouse - C&T 82C710 mouse port support (as on TI Travelm<off screen>
    xpds-fr - (No description available)

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